Learn Basic Data Analysis with SQL Window Functions

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This article is about T-SQL (Transact-SQL) Window functions and their basic use in day-to-day data analysis tasks.

There are many alternatives to T-SQL when it comes to data analysis. However, when improvements over time and introduction of Window functions are considered, T-SQL is capable of performing data analysis on a basic level and, in some cases, even beyond that. Read More

T-SQL SET Operators Part 2: INTERSECT and EXCEPT

Total: 12 Average: 3.7

In my previous article, I explained the basics of set operators, their types, and prerequisites for their use. I also talked about UNION and UNION ALL operators, their usage and differences.

In this article, we’re going to learn the following:

  1. EXCEPT and INTERSECT operators.
  2. Difference between INTERSECT and INNER JOIN.
  3. The detailed explanation of INTERSECT and EXCEPT with an example.

EXCEPT and INTERSECT operators were introduced in SQL Server 2005. Both are set operators used to combine the result sets generated by two queries and retrieve the desired output. Read More

How to Properly Use the T-SQL IsNumeric Function

Total: 4 Average: 3.8

This article is focused on the T-SQL (Transact-SQL) IsNumeric function and its proper use in day-to-day SQL scripting tasks.

We will also see why it is important to understand how and why IsNumeric can be used – both incorrectly and correctly.

There may be some better alternatives to IsNumeric depending on the context. However, in the cases we’re going to cover in this article, I see this function as the best possible choice. Read More

T-SQL Datetime Data Type

Total: 6 Average: 3.8


Data types are attributes that specify the kind of data that objects such as columns, local variables, expressions, and parameters can hold. Across the RDBMS world, data types are typically grouped into string, numeric, and date data types.

T-SQL supports 6 date and time data types namely:

  1. Datetime
  2. Smalldatetime
  3. Date
  4. Time
  5. Datetime2
  6. Datetimeoffset

The first two data types are considered as legacy versions of the newer ones. In this article, we focus on the date data types and, specifically, on the datetime and datetime2 data types available in SQL Server. Table 1 gives details of the various date and time data types available in SQL Server. Read More

Advanced SQL: Variations and Different Use cases of T-SQL Insert Statement

Total: 6 Average: 3.8

In my previous article, I demonstrated:

  1. Insert the output of the table-valued function in the SQL table.
  2. Insert the output of the table-valued function that is created on the remote database server.

In this article, I am going to demonstrate:

  1. Copy data between two tables, created in a different schema.
  2. Copy data between two tables, created in different databases on the same server.
  3. Copy data between two tables created, in different databases resides the different server (Cross server query)

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Basic and Complex Uses of Not Equal Comparison Operator in T-SQL

Total: 9 Average: 3.6

This article is focused on the T-SQL Not Equal comparison operator (<>) and its uses in basic to slightly complicated SQL scripting tasks.

The article also highlights the importance of understanding the correct use of Not Equal comparative operator with expressions.

The Not Equal comparative operator is a very common operator used in T-SQL, however, it is important to understand how to use it effectively in different scenarios.

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T-SQL SET Operators Part 1: UNION and UNION ALL

Total: 7 Average: 3.7

In SQL Server, we can combine the same type of data from multiple tables using SET operators. After combining multiple SQL statements, it returns one result set. Following is the list of T-SQL SET operators:

  1. UNION

To use SET operators, we must follow a number of rules:

  1. The result set of both queries must have the same number of columns.
  2. The data type of columns retrieved by the top and bottom queries must be the same.
  3. If we want to sort the final result set, the ORDER BY clause must be at the end of the query.
  4. The positional ordering of the columns returned by the top and bottom queries must be same. Read More

Using Trace Flag 3226 to Suppress Log Backup Logging

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Every backup operation in SQL Server is written to the SQL Server Error log. This includes Transaction Log Backups even when they occur as part of a Transaction Log Shipping Configuration. Sometimes logging the entire Log Backup can be a nuisance in the SQL Server Error Log and needs to be managed. Trace Flag 3226 is used to suppress such logging and we will demonstrate how this can be done in this article.

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Running DBCC Shrink commands is quite a controversial issue across the SQL Server community. In this article, we will review details about this command and provide a brief overview of its use and also warn you about the risks of running this command. As DBAs, a number of databases were handed over to from other teams or vendors, and it is not always we get to manage the databases which we created. As DBAs, whenever we are involved in migrations or new projects, we need to ensure that we carefully plan a smooth transition of the database to production and regular use. It is at this stage that we need to factor in the size of the database. Can you imagine, you set up a database application without considering the growth forecast for the first year or so. How about you create a SQL Server database with size so small that it needs to grow every other day raising capacity disk alerts in the middle of the night? It may sound silly, but in reality, the truth is this happens, and this sometimes may not be in your control.

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DBCC CheckDB Overview

Total: 8 Average: 4.1


Regular database maintenance is an important part of a Database Administrator’s job which helps to ensure that critically important systems are running as per normal. One of the easiest ways to accomplish this will be to automate tasks related to DBCC CheckDB. No matter what version of SQL Server you are running, there will never be a database that requires no maintenance. You will have to plan the maintenance to occur regularly so that you can cover your back especially at the time of a real disaster scenario.

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